Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Get Access Comparison of Tragedies written by Miller and Aristotle Essay Sample For a story to be a tragedy it has to follow the principles set by Aristotle, a Greek philosopher, or those of Arthur Miller who is a twentieth century playwright.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Comedy and Tragedy According to Aristotle Essay Sample Comedy According to Aristotle who speculates on the matter in his Poeticsancient comedy originated with the komos, a curious and improbable spectacle in which a company of festive males apparently sang, danced, and cavorted rollickingly around the image of a large phallus.
In fact, since at least as far back as Aristotle, the basic formula for comedy has had more to do with conventions and expectations of plot and character than with a requirement for lewd jokes or cartoonish pratfalls.
A comedy is a story of the rise in fortune of a sympathetic central character. He also suggests that only low or ignoble figures can strike us as ridiculous.
However, the most ridiculous characters are often those who, although well-born, are merely pompous or self-important instead of truly noble.
Ordinary People Traditionally, comedy has to do with the concerns and exploits of ordinary people. The characters of comedy therefore tend to be plain, everyday figures e.
Comic plots, accordingly, tend to be about the kind of problems that ordinary people are typically involved with: Types of Comedies Comedies can be separated into at least three subordinate categories or sub-genres—identified and briefly characterized as follows: The identifying features of farce are zaniness, slapstick humor, and hilarious improbability.
The characters of farce are typically fantastic or absurd and usually far more ridiculous than those in other forms of comedy.
At the same time, farcical plots are often full of wild coincidences and seemingly endless twists and complications. Elaborate comic intrigues involving deception, disguise, and mistaken identity are the The tragedy of aristotle essay.
Perhaps the most popular of all comic forms—both on stage and on screen—is the romantic comedy. In this genre the primary distinguishing feature is a love plot in which two sympathetic and well-matched lovers are united or reconciled.
In a typical romantic comedy the two lovers tend to be young, likeable, and apparently meant for each other, yet they are kept apart by some complicating circumstance e. A wedding-bells, fairy-tale-style happy ending is practically mandatory. The subject of satire is human vice and folly.
Its characters include con-artists, criminals, tricksters, deceivers, wheeler-dealers, two-timers, hypocrites, and fortune-seekers and the gullible dupes, knaves, goofs, and cuckolds who serve as their all-too-willing victims.
Satirical comedies resemble other types of comedy in that they trace the rising fortune of a central character. However, in this case, the central character like virtually everybody else in the play or story is likely to be cynical, foolish, or morally corrupt. In its most extreme forms e.
Tragedy In essence, tragedy is the mirror image or negative of comedy. For instead of depicting the rise in circumstances of a dejected or outcast underdog, tragedy shows us the downfall of a once prominent and powerful hero.
Once again, the most influential theorist of the genre is Aristotle, whose Poetics has guided the composition and critical interpretation of tragedy for more than two millenia. Distilling the many penetrating remarks contained in this commentary, we can derive the following general definition: Tragedy depicts the downfall of a basically good person through some fatal error or misjudgment, producing suffering and insight on the part of the protagonist and arrousing pity and fear on the part of the audience.
To explain this definition further, we can state the following principles or general requirements for Aristotelian tragedy: According to Aristotle, pity and fear are the natural human response to spectacles of pain and suffering—especially to the sort of suffering that can strike anybody at any time.
As Aristotle points out, the fall of a scoundrel or villain evokes applause rather than pity. Audiences cheer when the bad guy goes down.
On the other hand, the downfall of an essentially good person disturbs us and stirs our compassion. As a rule, the nobler and more truly admirable a person is, the greater will be our anxiety or grief at his or her downfall. Instead, authentic tragedy must always be the product of some fatal choice or action, for the tragic hero must always bear at least some responsibility for his own doom.
A metaphor from archery, hamartia literally refers to a shot that misses the bullseye. Instead, it can be something as basic and inescapable as a simple miscalculation or slip-up. Though it is usually translated as pride, hubris is probably better understood as a sort of insolent daring, a haughty overstepping of cultural codes or ethical boundaries.
Hegel proposed his own original and highly influential theory of tragedy. Unlike Aristotle, who defines tragedy in terms of specific requirements of plot and character, Hegel defines it as, at bottom, a dynamic contest between two opposing forces—in effect, a collision or conflict of rights.
According to this scheme, the most tragic events are those in which two esteemed values or goals are in opposition and one of them must give way. For instance, suppose in a particular case we find ourselves torn between our private conscientious opinions or religious beliefs and our legitimate duties and obligations to the state.Oedipus The King The Greek drama Oedipus is clearly a Aristotle’s tragedy.
It definitely meets the five main criteria for a tragedy: a tragic hero of noble birth, a tragic flaw, a hero‘s downfall, a moment of remorse, and a catharsis.
Critical Essay Aristotle on Tragedy Bookmark this page Manage My Reading List In the Poetics, Aristotle's famous study of Greek dramatic art, Aristotle ( B.C.) compares tragedy to such other metrical forms as comedy and epic.
Hamlet and the Greek Tragedy Essay. Aristotle, a Classical Greek philosopher and writer, is the founder of the Aristotelian tradition of tragedy, which states that tragedy should be or seem to be historical. Tragedy is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete and of a certain magnitude." (Aristotle).Examine the statement critically and substantiate your answer with the examples from any two of the plays you have read." ‘The Poetics The Poetics is chiefly concerned with Tragedy which is regarded as the highest poetic form.
In it the theory of tragedy is worked out so admirably, with. The Tragedy of Aristotle. Aristotle’s “Poetics” reflects the exceptional ability and knowledge of the famous writer and philosopher in the field of philosophy and the arts. With his thought s regarding poetry, Aristotle has been the most reliable and earliest source of information in writing stories, particularly in writing a tragedy.
Aristotle wrote on a multitude of topics including metaphysics, biology, psychology, logic, and physics. While earlier and contemporary philosophers are believed to have influenced Aristotle.