It was established on January 25, with an aim to define and control the process for elections conducted at various levels: In other words, the ECI ensures smooth and successful functioning of the democracy.
Democracy has been defined in the words of Abraham Lincoln as 'Government of the people, for the people, and by the people'.
All Governments claim to be government of the people. This means that the main task of the Government is to keep the people under control, to realise taxes from them in order to carry on the machinery of the government and to preserve the integrity and security of the country against all hostile forces, whether within or outside the country.
All Governments, even the most dictatorial and tyrannical, profess to be acting for the good of the people. When the British ruled India and held the country by naked brute force, they claimed to be doing so for the good of the Indian people. Democracy differs from all other forms of government; it professes to be government by the people.
This means that the rulers are the chosen representatives of the people, elected from time to time by free and fair elections. By fair election is meant that no under-hand means or undue influences are used to tamper with voting papers after the people had cast their votes. India claims to be the biggest democracy in the world.
Judged, by standards, the machinery for a democratic Government is well established here. Unlike other Asiatic countries except Japan, there is no change here of any sudden military intervention by uprising.
The press is free to express the most hostile criticism of the Government. The people can voice their opinion, however, unpalatable to the functioning Government, at public meetings. Every precaution has been taken to see that from the exercising of the right to vote to the counting of votes, there is no chance of interfering with the actual results.
There is, no doubt, that the people of India, as a whole have full faith in the superiority of democracy over all other forms of Government. And yet when one looks at the scene, one feels that something seems to have gone wrong somewhere, and our democracy is not functioning as we would wish or expect.
For want of proper education and low percentage of literacy, in the early stages, Indian democracy was 'Buy people', instead of rule 'by the people'. This leads us to question the efficacy of democracy for our country. There are two factors that militate against the proper functioning of democracy in India.
First, success of a rule by the people depends, to a large extent, on an educated electorate. When Disraeli extended the voting right in England, he said. In India even after sixty years of independence the minimum education figure has not reached even more than fifty two per cent of the people.
As a result, people are easily misled. This can be dangerous for an ignorant and superstitious people. The second of these factors is the existence of innumerable Parties, most of which have no clear-cut ideology or conception of what they really want.
In their hunt for power they make unscrupulous alliances or honey-moons with parties with which they have little or nothing in common, use and play up local or communal passions to win popular support, and bribe them. Such marriage of convenience and regionalism, can frustrate the proper functioning of democratic government and prejudice the minds of the people.
There is a third factor which we have to take into account.Democracy has been defined in the words of Abraham Lincoln as 'Government of the people, for the people, and by the people'.
All Governments claim to be government of the people.
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This means that the main task of the Government is to keep the people under control, to realise taxes from them in order. The relationship between political stability, freedom and economic performance has raised many debates in economic literature in the past de.
Insights into Editorial: A 21st century revolution: on Bill Gates move to scale up sanitation November 23, [Insights Secure – ] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 23 NOVEMBER November 23, ; 8) Discuss the spectrum of political attitudes which are prevalent in today’s societies.
All the elections at the central and state level are conducted by the Election Commission of India while local body elections are conducted by state election commissions.
The recommendation is made by the Government and the notification for election is issued by the Election Commission.
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Modi is the first Prime Minister of India who was born in 'Independent India’, that is, post-August 15, He is also the first Indian prime minister whose mother was alive when he took office.