All three stories feature Dupin, the fascinated narrator, and the French Prefect of police with his inferior intellectual abilities. Much greater detail is delivered in the "Commentary" for "The Murders at the Rue Morgue" concerning the origins of these characters and their impact upon the literary world in forging a new literary genre, that of the detective story.
Auguste Dupin and his ratiocinative ability were clearly influenced by other sources. First, there was his interest in the aesthetic theory of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, heavily indebted to nineteenth century German Romanticism.
The development of the mystery and detective genre also reflected the influence of gothic fiction. The gothic novel, based on the concept of hidden sin and filled with mysterious and unexplained events, had, like the detective story, to move inexorably toward a denouement that would explain all the previous puzzles.
In an article in a weekly magazine inhe offered to solve any and all cryptograms submitted; in a follow-up article inhe said that he had indeed solved most of them. Legrand is of an illustrious family, but because of financial misfortunes, he has been reduced to near poverty.
In addition, like Dupin, he alternates between melancholia and enthusiasm, which leads the narrator also like the narrator in the Dupin stories to suspect that he is the victim of a species of madness.
The basic premise of the story is that Legrand is figuratively bitten by the gold bug after discovering a piece of parchment on which he finds a cryptogram with directions to the buried treasure of the pirate Captain Kidd.
To solve the puzzle of the cryptogram, Legrand demonstrates the essential qualities of the amateur detective: In many ways, however, they are very similar: Both types depend on some secret guilt that must be exposed; in both, the central character is an eccentric whose mind seems distant from the minds of ordinary men; and both types are elaborate puzzles filled with clues that must be tied together before the reader can understand their overall effect.
When a storm threatens to sink the ship, Wyatt ties himself to the mysterious box and, to the horror of the survivors, sinks into the sea with it.
Although earlier in the story the narrator prided himself on his superior acumen in guessing that the box contained a painting, at the conclusion he admits that his mistakes were the result of both his carelessness and his impulsiveness. The story is told in an ironic tone by a narrator who proposes to account for the disappearance of Mr.
The tale introduces such typical detective-story conventions as the creation of false clues by the criminal and the discovery of the criminal as the least likely suspect.
Auguste Dupin stories, however, that Poe develops most of the conventions of the detective story, devices that have been used by other writers ever since.
The narrator, the forerunner of Dr. Watson of the Sherlock Holmes stories, meets Dupin in this story and very early recognizes that he has a double personality, for he is both wildly imaginative and coldly analytical.
As was to become common in the amateur-sleuth genre, Dupin scorns the methods of the professional investigators as being insufficient. He argues that the police find the mystery insoluble for the very reason that it should be regarded as easy to solve, that is, its bizarre nature; thus, the facility with which Dupin solves the case is in direct proportion to its apparent insolubility by the police.
The points about the murder that stump the police—the contradiction of several neighbors who describe hearing a voice in several foreign languages, and the fact that there seems to be no possible means of entering or exiting the room where the murders took place—actually enable Dupin to master the case.
He accounts for the foreign-sounding voice by deducing that the criminal must have been an animal; he explains the second point by following a mode of reasoning based on a process of elimination to determine that apparent impossibilities are in fact possible.
When Dupin reveals that an escaped orangutan did the killing, the Paris prefect of police complains that Dupin should mind his own business. Dupin is nevertheless content to have beaten the prefect in his own realm; descendants of Dupin have been beating police inspectors ever since.
He declares the case more intricate than that of the Rue Morgue because, ironically, it seems so simple.
One of the elements of the story that makes it less popular than the other two Dupin tales is the extensive analysis of the newspaper articles in which Dupin engages—an analysis that makes the story read more like an article critical of newspaper techniques than a narrative story.
In fact, what makes Poe able to propose a solution to the crime is not so much his knowledge of crime as his knowledge of the conventions of newspaper writing.
Both experience and true philosophy, says Dupin, show that truth arises more often from the seemingly irrelevant than from the so-called strictly relevant. By this means, Dupin eliminates the various hypotheses for the crime proposed by the newspapers and proposes his own hypothesis, which is confirmed by the confession of the murderer.
This time, the crime is much more subtle than murder, for it focuses on political intrigue and manipulation.
Although the crime is quite simple—the theft of a letter from an exalted and noble personage—its effects are quite complex. The story depends on several ironies: First, the identity of the criminal is known, for he stole the letter in plain sight of the noble lady; second, the letter is a threat to the lady from whom he stole it only as long as he does nothing with it; and third, the Paris Police cannot find the letter, even though they use the most sophisticated and exhaustive methods, precisely because, as Dupin deduces, it is in plain sight.
The minister who has stolen the letter is successful, says Dupin, for he is both a poet and a mathematician.Le Chevalier C. Auguste Dupin [oɡyst dypɛ̃] is a fictional character created by Edgar Allan alphabetnyc.com made his first appearance in Poe's "The Murders in the Rue Morgue" (), widely considered the first detective fiction alphabetnyc.com reappears in "The Mystery of Marie Rogêt" () and "The Purloined Letter" ().Dupin is not a professional detective .
Dec 02, · Dark Tales™: Edgar Allan Poe's The Mystery of Marie Roget Collector's Edition is rated out of 5 by Rated 5 out of 5 by Plientje from great who dunnit! Very good game, Mr. Dupin is as always charming/5. The Murders in the Rue Morgue (Modern Library Classics) [Edgar Allan Poe, Matthew Pearl] on alphabetnyc.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Edited and with an Introduction by Matthew Pearl Includes “The Murders in the Rue Morgue.
Nov 20, · “The Best of Edgar Allan Poe” are eleven of Poe’s most memorable creations including the short stories that introduced the detective and Gothic genres to the United States.
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4. Includes The Murders in the Rue Morgue, The Mystery of Marie Roget, and The Purloined Letter Between and , Edgar Allan Poe invented the genre of detective fiction with three mesmerizing stories of a young French eccentric named C. Auguste Dupin.