Case for diagnosis between psychogenic depression and the post-encephalitic syndrome. Annual meeting at Cardiff. Section of mental diseases and neurology.
Introduction Touch is one of the most essential elements of human development, a profound method of communication, a critical component of the health and growth of infants, and a powerful healing force Bowlby, ; Harlow,; Barnett, Touch has been an essential part of ancient healing practices.
In his seminal work, Touching: The Human Significance of the Skin, Ashley Montagu brings together a vast array of studies shedding light on the role of skin and physical touch in human development.
He goes on to illuminate how the sensory system, the skin, is the most important organ system of the body, because unlike other senses, a human being cannot survive without the physical and behavioral functions performed by the skin.
Before Montague published his classic book inHarlow set the stage for our understanding of the importance of touch for emotional, physiological and interpersonal development in human and non-human infants. In line with Harlow, Montagu concludes: Primarily Euro-American cultures in general, particularly that of North American white-Anglos, have developed a set of unspoken taboos in regard to touch.
The sick and the elderly are often housed away in specialized board and care facilities, where much of time hospital staff do not value touch as an essential part of care. Touch, in this article, refers to any physical contact occurring between a psychotherapist and a client or a patient in the context of psychotherapy.
Touch is one of many non-verbal modes of communications i. This paper looks at touch as an adjunct to verbal psychotherapy. However, it also reviews the literature on body psychotherapies where touch is a key therapeutic tool.
Touch is also likely to increase the sense of connection and trust between a therapist and a client Phalan, ; Smith et.
The enhancement of the therapeutic alliance is of utmost importance, and as has been extensively documented, the quality of the relationship between therapist and client is the best predictor of therapeutic outcome Lambert, Touch, in this paper, refers primarily to touch initiated by the therapist.
However, when a client initiates or requests touch, the therapists must use his or her clinical judgment to ascertain whether providing or withholding touch is ethical and clinically advantageous in each therapeutic situation.
Starting with Freud, traditional psychoanalysis looks at touch as an obstacle to analysis and cure of neurosis Fosshage, For a variety of reasons, the field at large has embraced the analytic hands-off stance. Touch in therapy has joined the list of modern risk management-inspired taboos: Even those who endorse risk management reluctantly agree that a courteous handshake may be unavoidable.
Viewing any non-erotic touch as the first step on the slippery slope towards sexual relationships is one of the major erroneous beliefs and obstacles to understanding the importance of touch in therapy.
Some of the negative and frightening messages we have been inundated with come from prominent therapists, many of whom are psychoanalytically oriented. One example is Menninger, who asserts that physical contact with a patient is "evidence of incompetence or criminal ruthlessness of the analysts" cited in Horton, et.
Simon, in a similar vein, instructs therapists to "Foster psychological separateness of the patient.JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways.
Sigmund Freud (May 6, –September 23, ) was a physiologist, medical doctor, and father of psychoanalysis, and is generally recognized as one of the most influential and authoritative thinkers of the twentieth century. He was an Austrian neurologist and the co-founder of the psychoanalytic school of psychology.
Sigmund Freud: The following has been adapted from the Wikipedia website. Aug 26, · Hilda Doolittle was a writer and a poet, and through a series of letters she wrote while under Freud’s care and a follow-up book, we have the most complete documentation of his actual methods of analysis and therapy.
Frances Arkin (). Frances S. Arkin stammte aus einer jüdischen Familie in Boston. Sie studierte Medizin, promovierte an der Tufts Medical School und spezialisierte sich in der Psychiatrie. Aug 26, · Hilda Doolittle was a writer and a poet, and through a series of letters she wrote while under Freud’s care and a follow-up book, we have the most complete documentation of his actual methods of analysis and therapy.
Disease Control Priorities In Developing Countries: T+ 18 MB: The Model Preacher: Comprised In A Series Of Letters Illustrating The Best Mode Of Preaching The Gos.